High Blood Pressure - Prevention And Control

High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. Blood pressure is the amount of force exerted against the walls of the arteries as blood flows through them. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). In reading blood pressure, two numbers are obtained. The first one which is the systolic blood pressure is the blood pressure during the heartbeat. This happens when the left ventricle of the heart contracts and the second one is the diastolic blood pressure which indicates blood pressure while the heart is relaxed it can refer to diastole. A person is said to have high blood pressure if the arteries are receiving too much pressure repeatedly. Normal blood pressure reading is usually for systolic 90-119 mmHg and for diastolic 60-79 mmHg. A person is said to be hypertensive when his blood pressure is above 140/90.
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 High blood pressure can lead to various problems or complications and increase the risk of stroke and heart diseases. Many people do not realized that they have high blood pressure because they may not experience any symptoms. For some, they manifest symptoms and this may include persistent headache, blurred vision, nausea, chest pain, dyspnea and nose bleeding.
So, what can cause High Blood Pressure?
Many factors are involved. Some these factors can be controlled while some cannot be controlled. 
- Family background can be responsible for it. If a person has relatives with high blood pressure there is increased risk of suffering from the disease. This genetic factor cannot be controlled. 
- Age is another factor. The older your are the higher the risk. Although these days cases of hypertension have been recorded among younger adult and children. High blood pressure is more observed in black males and is more common in older males than older females. But at certain age both sexes are equally susceptible. - Smoking can cause hypertension. Smoking shrink the blood vessels causing high blood pressure. 
- Sedentary lifestyle or lack of physical activities also contributes to high blood pressure. 
-  Putting too much salt in food can boost high blood pressure. 
- Consuming food with excess fats will make the internal walls of the blood vessels to clog with cholesterol, thus reducing their caliber and increasing blood pressure. 
- Obesity, mental stress, excessive alcohol indulgence are other factors which can be control that does lead to high blood pressure. 
- Some drugs can also boost blood pressure such as antacids high in sodium, nasal decongestants etc.
So, how can one Prevent And Control it?
knowing the possible factors that can cause hypertension; here are things you can try:
I. Reduce salt intake.

ll. Cut down alcohol consumption.

lll. Quit smoking.

IV. Avoid foods with high fats.

V. Avoid being overweight.

VI. Avoid chronic stress both mental and physical.

VII. Exercise regularly.

VIII. Avoid medications that can aggravate blood pressure.

IX. Eat foods with high potassium and calcium, they help lower blood pressure.
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 In Conclusion, always check your blood pressure regularly at hospital and maintain a healthful lifestyle.


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